Sunday, 28 July 2013


If you have any photographs of the entries in this blog that are not illustrated, or better pictures of those that are, and you are willing to let us have your minimum-res 800 x 600 pics, please contact us.
Kaapweg : “Cape road” [Afr]; a generic term in the region for any road, path or track that led towards Cape Town, but in this case the name refers to a suburb of Clanwilliam on the edge of town, that adjoins the old Cape road to the south that follows the east bank of the Clanwilliam Dam
Kabouterland Cave : “pixie-land cave” [Afr]; a cave set amongst a wonderful jungle of whimsical rock formations, between Boontjieskloof Hut and Grasvlei
Kadoro : an exclusive dining venue at Bushmans Kloof, at what used to be a subsistence farm named Kanetfontein. ‘Kadoro’ is reputed to mean ‘a tinderbox of stories’ in San, but as the concept of a tinderbox was not part of Southern San culture we are not sure about this ... the Bushmans Kloof web site says ‘Kadoro’ means ‘tinderbox of stories’, a poetic and fitting name for this rustic, secluded cottage in the heart of the reserve. Originally an old shepherd’s house, the structure has been renovated and furnished, but not modernised. Kadoro has no electricity ... 
Kalbas se Gat : “calabash hole” [Afr]; a pool in the Rondegat River just upstream of the Meidedrif, the old wagon crossing of the river on Jamaka farm. By repute this was a place used by the farm labourers to enjoy their illicitly-brewed honeybeer. Old farmer Nieuwoudt [a grandfather/great-grandfather of the present generation?] was aware of this, and was determined to stamp it out, so he lay in wait at the pool to catch the miscreants. In due course they appeared with their calabash of beer, which the farmer seized and threw into the river. The twist in this tale is that the labourers knew that Nieuwoudt was trying to catch them, and had prepared a ‘dummy’ calabash full of water ... which is of course the one that was thrown into the river, and the precious beer was saved
The ruins at Kalkoenfontein
Kalkoenfontein : “turkey spring” [Afr]; originally a subsistence farm farmed by a Dutch ‘bywoner’ or squatter, Piet Stramrood, who even though he and his wife fought like cat and dog had a very large brood of children. The original farmstead was right next to the main Cederberg road and older travellers will remember how one drove right past the Stramrood’s front door. That house is now a ruin and the present Kalkoenfontein is a cottage for hire, belonging to Dwarsrivier
Kamphoekholte : “camping corner hollow” [Afr]; the name is now applied to the whole ravine which descends the slopes of Krakadouw to the Clanwilliam Boskloof, but originally referred to a flat place in that ravine where rooibos tea gatherers would camp
Kanetfontein : “reed spring” [Afr]; originally a subsistence farm near Boontjieskloof (Agter-Pakhuis); now an intimate restaurant named Kadoro on the Bushmans Kloof reserve
Kanetkloof : “reed ravine” [Afr]; a small ravine north of Winterbach Peak and running down into the Kromrivier valley
Kanonkop : “cannon hill” [Afr]; a 424m hill in the ridge between the Clanwillam Dam and the Grootkloof. The name is common in the area close to Cape Town and usually refers to hills from which cannon were fired to warn surrounding farmers of the arrival of ships in Table Bay. Thus duly warned, they would inspan their wagons and hasten off to Cape Town to barter their produce. In this instance this seems very unlikely as the sea is not visible from here! – so probably refers to a cannon-shaped rock on the hill
Kantou Walk: the view to the north
Kantou Walk : “eland walk” [Khoi+Eng]; an unmade route or ‘way-to-go’ at Sevilla, Traveller’s Rest that ascends the wild, unspoiled hills behind the cottages where [imported] eland may often be seen
Kardoesie : “little paper bag” [Afr]; a farmstall at the summit of the Piekenierskloof Pass, on the Piketberg side. The reason for the name can only be guessed at ...
Karooberg : “karoo mountain” [Khoi+Afr]; the word ‘karoo’ means ‘wide, flat place’ in Khoi languages, or even probably San languages, and may be extremely ancient. It refers to the huge, semi-desert plain in the middle of the old Cape Province, but in this context is a 310m hill outside Clanwilliam, behind the Augsburg Gymnasium, which is usually dry and brown and reminiscent of Karoo landscapes
Karoobergpad : “karoo mountain road” [Khoi+Afr]; as above, but geographically quite unrelated – this is the road that runs from Matjiesrivier into the Red Cederberg, and serves the private reserves of Bakkrans and Cedar Rock; many years ago it used to connect to the Tanqua Karoo, and was a part of the ‘old Cape road’
Karookop : “karoo hill” [Khoi+Afr]; as above, but this is a 793m hill on the Agter-Pakhuis side of the Pakhuis Pass that, like Karooberg, is often dry and brown and reminiscent of the Karoo landscape
Karoolaagte : “karoo valley” [Khoi+Afr]; a shallow valley on the Bushmans Kloof Reserve, on dry, shaley soil
Karoorug : “karoo ridge” [Khoi+Afr]; dry, shaley 268m hill on the western slopes of which the town of Citrusdal is built
Karukareb : “karoo valley” [Khoi or San]; name applied to a modern resort situated at Holland se Bos, in the Clanwilliam Boskloof
Katbakkieshoogte : “cat cheek’s rise” or “dicky seat rise” [Afr]; a contentious name that some think refers to rocks that resemble a cat’s cheeks (what’s so distinctive about a cat’s cheeks?); others think that it refers to roads so steep that early motor vehicles had to ascend them in reverse gear, which was the strongest gear, thus ‘dicky seat first’; yet more others think the name refers to the weathered little holes in rocks (called ‘bakke’) which collect rain water that wild cats drink. The latter may be the most correct, as the farm Katbakkies was there before the Katbakkies Pass existed. Whichever it may be, the Katbakkieshoogte is a steep place on the Karoobergpad, see above
Katbaliegat : “cat potty hole” [Afr]; a ‘balie’ is a small basin and, by inference, also used for the traditional ‘potty’. The Katbaliegat is a curious hole halfway up a boulder on the path between The Anvil and Kleinvlei [through the Vogelgesang valley] that is clearly in regular use, for it is always full of cat faeces [cat species unknown]
Katstert: Bulbinella caudafelis
Katstertdrif : “cat’s tail drift” [Afr]; originally a drift, now a bridge, on the road from Citrusdal to the Citrusdal Boschkloof; probably named for the presence there in early spring of white bulbinellas or ‘katsterte’ – the botanical name, Bulbinella caudafelis, means ‘Bulbinella cat’s tail’
Katstertgang : “cat’s tail passage” [Afr]; probably named after the same Bulbinella as above, this is a shallow gully between Heuningvlei village and the old Heuningvlei Forest Station
The Katstertrivier runs down the kloof behind Isak Koopman’s head
Katstertrivier : “cat’s tail river” [Afr]; probably also named after the Bulbinella, this one is a small stream south of Kleinvlei, that is a tributary of the Tra-Tra
Keerom : “turn around” [Afr]; a farm at the end of the road in the Olifants River Valley, on the citrusdal side – you can go no further, so turn around!
Keiserskop : “keiser’s head” [Afr]; a 325m hillock north east of the Klipfonteinrant, close to Papkuilsfontein farm
Kerskop : “candle hill” [Afr]; a small peak 956m south of Wupperthal, ascended by the Kerskop Pass that leads to Eselbank
Kerskop Pass, looking down on Wupperthal
Kerskop Pass : “candle hill pass” [Afr]; see above: one of the steepest passes in the area, it should be approached with caution. Only suitable for 4x4 or high clearance vehicles. Several websites describe it as the ‘Eselbank Pass’, an incorrect name which is unknown to any of the people who built it and/or use it on a daily basis
Ketelberg, also known as Tafelberg
Ketelberg : “Kettle mountain” [Afr]; an alternative and older name for the Cederberg Tafelberg, 1969m; interestingly, the lower peak next to the Tafelberg is still most commonly referred to as The Spout
Keunjiesberg : “keunjies mountain” [Sanskrit+Afr]; mountain of 1143m behind Kunje farm on the northern side; see Kunje below
Keurbos : “choice bush” [Afr]; a farm between Rietvlei and Grootkloof on the Clanwilliam-Algeria road, presumably named for a fragrant plant that occurs there, perhaps a Podalyria (which are commonly known as ‘keurtjies’). The farm offers accommodation
Podalyria calyptrata, commonly known as Keurtjie
Keurbosberg : “choice bush mountain” [Afr]; a mountain peak 1308m east of Keurbosfontein farm, see below
Keurbosfontein farm
Keurbosfontein : “choice bush spring” [Afr]; a farm in the Trekkloof at the southern end of the Matjiesrivier-Wupperthal road, granted to Jurie Mulder in 1832, and presumably named for a plant that occurs there, possibly a Podalyria
Klaas Hol se Kop is the little rocky hill immediately above the horse’s head, with the Vaalheuningberg beyond and the Kouberg cottages to the right
Klaas Hol se Kop : “Klaas Hol’s hill” [Afr]; a low rise at Kouberg, near the village, reputedly where a local, Klaas Hol, tethered his donkeys
Klawer : “clover” [Afr]; not actually in the Cederberg, but many road signs point to it. A town on the N7 at the turn off to Vredendal
Klawervlei : “clover valley” [Afr]; a farm on the N7, on the Clanwilliam side of the intersection with Nieuwoudt’s Pass
Klein-Bobbejaankop : “lesser baboon hill” [Afr]; one of two large rocky outcrops [see also ‘Groot-Bobbejaankop’] of equal height [382m] that lie on the western side of the Rondegat River, and north-west of Wolfberg
Klein Boschkloof : “lesser Boskloof” [Afr]; farm across the Jan Disselsrivier from Boskloof farm, in the Clanwilliam Boskloof
Sweet thorn: Acacia karoo
Klein-Doringrivier : “lesser thorn river” [Afr]; a small stream on the north western corner of the Tra-Tra mountains that joins the Biedouw River near the Biedouw Jeugkamp; at the drift where the Wupperthal road crosses the stream there is a considerable growth of sweet thorn trees (Acacia karroo)
The pool at Klein-Duiwelsgat
Klein Duiwelsgat : “lesser devil’s hole” [Afr]; this is the point upstream of the hairpin bend on the present Uitkyk Pass, where there is an extremely pleasant pool
Klein-Gatkloof : “lesser hole-ravine” [Afr]; a ravine north of Wupperthal that joins the Groot-Gatkloof before the latter exits at Beukeskraal
Hartebeest, Alcelaphus buselaphus
Klein-Hartbeeskloof : “lesser hartebeest ravine” [Afr]; a small ravine on Driehoek farm, across the Sandrivier from the ruins of the old Perdekloof farm, the name reflects the once-upon-a-time presence of these antelope (Alcelaphus buselaphus), now extinct in the wild in this area
Klein-Hartseer; looking down on Crystal Pool, which is visible to the right of the cedar tree 
Klein-Hartseer : “lesser heartache” [Afr]; a difficult, steep place on the path between Crystal Pool and the Crystal Pool Hut, not as difficult as Groot-Hartseer
Klein Jongensfontein : “little boys’ spring” [Afr]; a farm north of Citrusdal, on the western edge of the Cederberg, near Syferfontein. We do not know who the little boys were
Klein Jongenskraal : “little boys’ corral” [Afr]; as above, the adjoining farm
The impressive boulders opposite the entrance (right) to Klein-Kliphuis, off the Pakhuis Pass.
The road has since been tarred (2012)
Klein-Kliphuis : “little stone house” [Afr]; a small farm, resort and tearoom on the R364, a few kilometres closer to Clanwilliam than Kliphuis itself
The large, sheltering boulder at the summit of Klein-Koupoort
Klein-Koupoort : “lesser cold (or ‘steep’) pass” [Afr or Khoi+Afr]; the origin is lost in the mists of time, but the meaning could either be ‘cold pass’ as in the unshortened Afrikaans ‘koue poort’, or ‘steep pass’, the Khoi word for ‘steep’ being ‘kou’. The former seems more likely, as in the Afrikaans ‘kouwater’ = ‘cold water’. Klein-Koupoort lies south of Groot-Koupoort
Klein-Koupoort Cracks : as above; a series of deep cracks in huge boulders south of the Klein-Koupoort path, on the eastern side of the considerable but apparently unnamed 1604m peak that lies between Klein-Koupoort and Skerpioenspoort; any offers on a name for that peak?
Klein-Krakadouw : “lesser stony pass” [Khoi+Afr]; the lowest of the three Krakadouw peaks, being 1619m high; the name is borrowed from the pass immediately to the north; see also Groot-Krakadouw, Middle Krakadouw and Krakadouw South
The ruins of Klein-Kromrivier
Klein-Kromrivier : “lesser crooked river” [Afr]; a ruined farm at the confluence of the Krom and Matjies rivers, it was also once known as Uitsig. The farm was hired by one Jan Vaughn from the owners of Matjiesrivier, and he had a successful tobacco farm here for many years.
Klein-Leeufonteinkloof : “lesser lion-spring ravine” [Afr]; a shallow ravine that exits at the Lorraine Dam, on Traveller’s Rest, and south of Leeufonteinkloof, where interestingly there is a rock painting of a lion
Klein-Pakhuis : “lesser pack-shed” [Afr]; a farm about four kilometres off the R364, from the bottom of the Pakhuis Pass on the Agter-Pakhuis side
Klein-Remhoogte : “lesser steep hill” [Afr]; a small farm off the Waterkloof, below the Gecko Creek reserve and close to Nieuwoudt’s Pass
Klein-Rondevlak : “lesser circular flat” [Afr]; a small flat area on the Heuningvlei Noodpad near Fortuinskloof, which is big enough to turn four donkeys and a cart
Klein-Sneeuberg : “lesser snow mountain” [Afr]; alternative name for The Pup, a 1723m peak east of Sneeuberg which somewhat resembles a smaller version of it. The Pup was originally known to climbers as ‘Sneeuwberg’s Pup’
Klein-Swartkrans : “lesser black cliff” [Afr]; a prominent black cliff in a ravine across the Moordenaarsgat, opposite Bo-Martiensrust
Klein Toring : “lesser tower” [Afr]; a 657m peak to the south east of Die Toring, the 679m free-standing peak in the Clanwilliam Boskloof [see above]
Kleinbergies : “little mountains” [Afr]; three or four small 500+m hills north of De Pakhuys and between the R364 and the Brandewyn River
Kleinfontein : “little spring” [Afr]; a small farm across the R364 road from Kleinbergies, once known for its almond orchard; now a popular bouldering area. Also see Galant se Gang
Kleinhoekkloof : “little corner ravine” [Afr]; a fairly deep ravine south of Nieuwoudt’s Pass on the western side, that exits at Pendoornkraal farm
Kleinhoog : “little rise” [Afr]; a short, steep section of the Kouberg Pass, on the Wupperthal side
Kleinkom : “little basin” [Afr]; a small ravine in the Olifants River Mountains due west of Citrusdal and facing the town
Kleinplaas : “little farm” [Afr]; a farm just north of the R303, shortly after Elandskloof on the Citrusdal side of the Middelberg
Kleinpoort : “little pass” [Afr]; a small gap in the hills north east of Heuningvlei and north of Grootkop
The village of Kleinvlei
Kleinvlei : “little valley” [Afr]; a small, isolated village south west of Wupperthal, at the end of the road that follows the Tra-Tra River from Grasvlei; it is only accessible via a long [and bad] road through Kouberg and Brugkraal, or a footpath through Sas se Kloof
Kleinvlei se Swemgat
Kleinvlei se Swemgat : “little valley’s swimming hole” [Afr]; a large pool in the Tra-Tra River, in Sas se Kloof, it is the largest and nearest pool to Kleinvlei and used by the residents there for summer relaxation
Kleinvleinek : “little valley nek” [Afr]; shallow nek between Middelkop and Dassiebos, north west of the village of Kleinvlei
Klipbokkloof, with the Sugarloaf in view to the right
Klipbokkloof : “rock buck [klipspringer] ravine” [Afr]; a small ravine up which the path from the end of the Dwarsrivier road ascends to the Maltese Cross; named for the frequent presence here of klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus), a small, dark grey-brown antelope known locally as a ‘klipbok’. Klipspringer have specially-adapted hooves for jumping up and down seemingly sheer rock faces with ease and skill; the Afrikaans name is used in English and means ‘rock jumper’
Klipbokkop, from the Grootrivier side
Klipbokkop : “rock buck [klipspringer] peak” [Afr]; a 1391m peak south of Nuwerust and north of Mountain Ceder / Grootrivier, which is presumably frequented by klipspringer or ‘klipbok’ as they are locally known (see above)
Klipspringer: note the rubbery hooves 
Klipbokkop Trail : as above, a tough walking trail which ascends the peak from Nuwerust
Klipboombos, west of the summit of the Pakhuis Pass
Klipboombos : “rockwood bush” [Afr]; a small copse of rockwood trees (Heeria argentea) on the footpath from Kliphuis to the summit of the Pakhuis Pass; the surrounding area is known as Rheboksvlakte (see below)
View from the Bakleikraal side of Klipboomkamp, across the valley
Klipboomkamp : “rockwood camp” [Afr]; a rough campsite in a grove of Heeria argentea trees, on the path to Syferfontein, below Bakleikraal
Klipfontein : “rocky or stony spring” [Afr]; a rocky outcrop in the shallow valley west of the Englishman’s Grave on the R364, where there is a non-perennial spring
Klipfontein se Laagte : “valley of the rocky spring” [Afr]; a shallow valley that runs more-or-less from the Klipfonteinrant Pass north eastwards towards Papkuilsfontein farm [see below]
Klipfontein se Rant : “ridge of the rocky spring” [Afr]; the stony, 500m high ridge that effectively marks the ecotone or natural boundary between the Doring River Karoo and the Agter-Pakhuis. The complete and dramatic change of landscape when you drive over the ridge on the R364, in either direction, is always a surprise
Klipfonteinrant Pass
Klipfonteinrant Pass : as above, the pass as it ascends from the Doring River side; on the Pakhuis side it is not really a pass at all
Klipgat : “stone hole” [Afr]; a shallow, inhabitable overhanging shelter at the confluence of the Breekkrans and Groot rivers
Klipgat Trail : as above, the footpath that follows the Breekkrans River from Nuwerust to the cave
Klipgatklofie : “little stone hole ravine” [Afr]; a small ravine on the eastern slopes of Vensterberg South that runs down into the Rondegat River, just south of Algeria
Winter at the (Dwarsrivier) Kliphuis campsite, overlooked by Tafelberg
Kliphuis : “stone house” [Afr]; 1. a camping site and resort on the Pakhuis Pass, on the Clanwilliam side, owned and managed by CapeNature; 2. a camping site on the Driehoeksrivier, owned by Dwarsrivier farm
Kliphuis campsite on the Pakhuis Pass
Kliphuis Peak : “stone house peak” [Afr]; a 1029m peak on the northern side of the R364, due east of the Kliphuis campsite
Kliphuis Ridge, with Pakhuis Peak and Ribbokberg behind to the right, and Pulpit Peak behind on the left
Kliphuis Ridge : “stone house ridge” [Afr]; a small ridge north of the R364, directly opposite or north of the Kliphuis campsite
Kliphuiskloof : “stone house ravine” [Afr]; a small ravine on the Bakkrans reserve, that leads down to the remains of an old subsistence farm of the same name
Kliphuisrivier : “stone house river” [Afr]; river that arises near the summit of the Pakhuis Pass and flows down past the Kliphuis campsite, across to the farms on the old Klawer Road out of Clanwilliam, and eventually joins the Olifants River
Klipkop : “stone hill” [Afr]; a rocky outcrop surmounted by a cottage for hire of the same name, at Traveller’s Rest
Klipkraal se Hoog : “stone corral rise” [Afr]; a ridge on the western slopes of the Vaalheuningberg near Wupperthal which is ascended by a rough 4x4 track to a stone-walled kraal
Klipkraalkloof : “stone corral ravine” [Afr]; not related to the above at all, this is a deep ravine below Koupoort Peak that eventually joins the Clanwilliam Boskloof
Klipopmekaar : “stone(s) on top of each other” [Afr]; an old subsistence farm in the Pakhuis Mountains north of the Pakhuis Pass
Klipopmekaarrivier : as above, the river that runs from there and eventually becomes a tributary of the Brandewyn [Dril] River
Klippoort, looking south from Die Kampe
Klippoort : “stone pass” [Afr]; a steep and narrow little pass on the ‘Oupad’ between Heuningvlei and Wupperthal
Kliprivier : “stone river” [Afr]; a tributary of the Jan Disselsrivier that runs from south of Rocklands to where the above exits the Clanwilliam Boskloof, near the Clanwilliam Warmhoek
Kloekie se Klip : “Kloekie’s rock” [Afr]; on the Matjiesrivier-Wupperthal road, between Rietvlei and Langkloof, there is a huge boulder in the middle of the road, so that the road passes around it on both sides. Kloekie was a resident of Langkloof who had a rooibos tea land there known as ‘Kloekie se Land’, hence Kloekie se Klip. ‘Kloek’ can mean ‘bold’, ‘brave’, ‘strong’, ‘manly’ etc – seems that Kloekie was probably quite a guy
Kluitjieshoogte : “dumpling’s heights” [Afr]; presumably named after the shapes of the rocks there (or a dumpling-shaped person?); this is a nek on the only easy route between the Clanwilliam Boskloof and the Grootkloof; see Gerrit Nieuwoudt se Pad
A shyish sort of kudu bull, this one at Addo
Koedoeskop : “kudu’s hill” [Khoi+Afr]; a farm and rocky outcrop west of the N7 near the Suikerbossie farmstall, north of Citrusdal. The name ‘kudu’ or ‘koedoe’ is of Khoi origin and the name here is odd because the large African antelope known as kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) are not known to have been found so far west
Koedoeskop Dam : as above, the nearby dam
Koerasieberg : “courage mountain” [Afr]; the name is a corruption of the English word ‘courage’; the origin of the name for this range of peaks north of Sneeuberg is unknown, but the rocky, broken area is an important refuge for surviving cedar trees
Koignas : “river running across” [Khoi]; see Dwarsrivier, this is the original Khoi name for the stream in the Krakadouw ravine
Kok se Poort, on the Kromrivier side with Apollo Peak in the view; note the old stile and fence
Kok se Poort : “Kok’s pass” [Afr]; named after Jan Matthys Kok, the first owner of Driehoek in 1750, when that farm extended to this area; it is the small pass or nek on the path between Sneeuberg and Kromrivier / Bakleikraal
Kok se Vlei, a sensitive marsh that you should please walk around; with the Maltese Cross in the distance
Kok se Vlei : “Kok’s marsh” [Afr]; as above, a large marshy area west of the Maltese Cross
KolĂȘlstasie : Unknown: we have found no explanation for this name and would love to have one: ‘-stasie’ = ‘station’ [Afr] and is common for a busstop in the region, but that cannot be the case here. KolĂȘlstasie is a remote, ruined subsistence farm in the Pakhuisberge north of the Pakhuis Pass, in the upper reaches of the Klipopmekaarrivier
The generous Kom Proe farmstall, on the N7
Kom Proe : “come [and] taste” [Afr]; a farm stall on Petersfield farm, near Sonop Motors on the N7, where you are always generously invited to taste the fruit
Kootjie Dawid se Plaat : “Kootjie Dawid’s plain or place” [Afr]; a vast area of rocky pavements, deep gullies and jumbled boulders south of the Lodge at Bushmans Kloof, and part of the Wupperthal Commonage. Kootjie Dawid was by repute a Robin Hood-like character who helped locals in distress, in particular Khoi, coloured people and freed slaves who in terms of the British Government’s dreadful ‘Master and Servants Acts’ had to live either as labourers on a white-owned farm, or on mission lands under the mission’s regulations. Dawid defied these laws for many years; his eventual fate is unknown. Local farmers put it about that Dawid was a horse-thief who enjoyed horse meat, but there is no confirmation for this scurrilous story. His story is told in novel form in ‘Jedro’s Bane’, a prize-winning youth novel by Peter Slingsby
Koperkloof : “copper ravine” [Afr]; a ravine that runs down to Keurbos farm, in the Grootkloof
Korhaanshoogte : “bustard’s heights” [Afr]; a hill of 390m west of the N7 and north of Citrusdal; also a farm nearby on the Olifants River; probably named for the southern black bustard, Afrotis afra
Korhaanshoogte Dam : as above, the nearby dam
Koro Lodge : A guest lodge at Bushmans Kloof, situated at the old subsistence farm site  known as Syfer [‘syfer’=‘seep’ or ‘trickle’]. The origin of ‘koro’ is unknown; in medicine it is synonymous with ‘imaginary genital retraction syndrome’! – in Maori it means an elderly Maori man, and in Japanese it means a broad-mouthed jar ... all a trifle mind-boggling and probably incorrect ... any offers, anyone?
Kortkloof : “short ravine” [Afr]; a ravine on the western slopes of Grootberg, that runs down to the Cederberg Cottage, off Nieuwoudt’s Pass
Kosie Salomo-Voetpad : ‘Kosie Salomo footpath” [Afr]; a section of new path between Langkloof and Eselbank created for the Cederberg Heritage Route in order to avoid hiking along the Matjiesrivier-Wupperthal road; laid out by Kosie Salomo of Langkloof, and named after him
Koster se Werf : “Koster’s place” or “farmstead” [Afr]; an area just north of Algeria and next to the Clanwilliam road where Jan Koster once had his subsistence farm; he was later evicted by the Forestry Department
Kotzesberg : “Kotze’s mountain” [Afr]; a peak of 1516m south east of Sandfontein Peak, in the southern Cederberg, named for the Kotze family, the owners of Sandfontein farm
The hamlet of Kouberg, high on its ridge looking down on Wupperthal
Kouberg : “cold mountain” [Afr]; the place certainly is cold in winter, as the Afrikaans word ‘kou’ suggests. ‘Kou’ is also sometimes derived from the Khoi word for ‘steep’, and the area and the Kouberg Pass [see below] certainly has much steepness about. Kouberg is a tiny settlement, an outrider of Wupperthal on the northern side, on a narrow ridge that overlooks the Wupperthal valley
View across the Tra-Tra valley of the Kouberg Pass as it ascends from Wupperthal and into the distance
Kouberg Pass : as above, the pass itself
Kouepoort : “cold pass” [Afr]; a narrow nek just north of Middelberg Peak, between Elandskloof and the Buffelshoek valley

Koupoort Amphitheatre
Koupoort Amphitheatre : “cold pass + amphitheatre” [Afr+Eng]; this massive, almost sheer-sided amphitheatre lies on the western side of Koupoort Peak [see below, and see Kouberg above] 
Koupoort Peak : as above, the 1667m peak above the Amphitheatre
Rare winter waterfalls in the Kraaiberg
Kraaiberg : “crow mountain” [Afr]; mountains on the southern side of the Biedouw Valley and part of the Tra-Tra Mountain complex; pied crows (Corvus albus) are very common here
Kraaiberg Pass
Kraaiberg Pass : as above; a steep and dangerous pass that ascends the Kraaiberg
Krakadouw : “stony pass” [Khoi]; the true Krakadouw is not the peak or peaks, it is the route through the ravine from the Clanwilliam Boskloof to Heuningvlei, that was once the only way to Wupperthal for all traffic whether pedestrians or wagons
The Krakadouw Pass, looking down to the Clanwilliam Boskloof
Krakadouw Pass : as above, a tautology because the Khoi root ‘-douw’ means ‘pass’
Krakadouw South : as above; a 1723m peak south of Groot-Krakadouw, which at 1744 m is the highest of the Krakadouw peaks
Krakadouwpoort : as above; not quite as tautologous as ‘Krakadouw Pass’ because the Afrikaans ‘poort’ often only refers to the actual summit of a pass, or the gateway or nek through which the summit passes – as is the case here
Krieberg : “karee mountain” [Khoi+Afr]; the karee tree (Rhus lancea), here shortened to ‘Krie’, is common in arid parts of southern Africa; this 337m hill is north of Kriedouw
Kriedouw : “karee pass cliff” [Khoi+Afr]; an abandoned and now ruined farm east of  the main Kriedouw farm
Kriedouwkrans Farm
Kriedouwkrans : “karee pass” [Khoi]; a farm near the Olifants River drift that carries the main Cederberg road from the N7. More info please!?
Kriedouwkrans Dam : as above; a large dam south of the main road as above
Kroekedam : “slum-” or “location dam” [Afr]; a popular summertime swimming hole in the Tra-Tra River, at the Wupperthal end of Sas se Kloof; the name is odd in the context, because Wupperthal is certainly neither a slum nor a location  
Krom River Cave in 1959; photo by Ken Howes-Howell
Krom River Cave : “crooked + river-cave” [Afr+Eng]; a large cave in the Kromrivierrug south of the river itself and close to Disa Pool, it has been a popular overnighting spot for mountain climbers for many years, as it has plenty of shelter and a permanent small waterfall or drip on one side
A group of climbers with the Nieuwoudt family at Kromrivier, 1959: photo by Ken Howes-Howell
Kromrivier : “crooked river” [Afr]; 1. a long west-to-east flowing river south of the Driehoeks / Sand / Matjiesrivier, that joins the Matjies at Klein-Kromrivier. The name is something of a misnomer as the course of the river is not particularly crooked, except for a short section below the farm; 2. The name also applies to the farm and the resort there
View of Kromrivier farm, from Kromrivier Pass
Kromrivier Pass : as above; short mountain pass that leads down from the main Clanwilliam-Matjiesrivier road to Kromrivier, the present pass was built by Maans Esterhuysen in 1936 and replaced the earlier, very steep road
Kromrivierrug : “crooked river ridge” [Afr]; the mountain ridge south of the Kromrivier valley, its highest peaks top 1600m
Part of Kroneberg
Kroneberg : “crown mountain” [Afr]; not really a mountain, this rocky outcrop north east of the Oupad road from Wupperthal to Heuningvlei is distinguished by its crown-like summits
Kroneberg se Dam: almost perennial!
Kroneberg se Dam : “crown mountain dam” [Afr]; not really a dam, either, but a humorous local reference to a very large dip in the road there, that is (almost) always full of water
Kruger se Land : “Kruger’s land or field” [Afr]; an area once cultivated north and north west of Middelberg Hut by a subsistence farmer, Kruger, who was evicted by the Cape Government in the late 1890s
Kruidjie-roer-my-nie: so-called because the black sap will stain your fingers and clothes. A poultice of leaves of this plant was used as a remedy for snake-bite in the old days
Kruidjiekop : “little herb hill” [Afr]; a small rise on the Old Wagon Road that traverses Rocklands, so named for the prominence of ‘kruidjie-roer-my-nie’ [‘don’t-touch-me-herb’] (Melianthus major) there 
Kruiskloof : “across ravine” [Afr]; a ravine that is used for the mountain crossing from Algeria to the Heks River valley
Kruispad: looking across the Grootkloof to the Middelberg peaks
Kruispad : as above; the path in that ravine
Kruisrivier : as above, the river in that ravine
Kumquat : a farm west of the N7 near Citrusdal, now abandoned and a ruin, named for this species of citrus fruit
Kunje : “in the bushes, on the (river) bank” [Sanskrit]; this seems the most probable explanation for this unusual name, because it neatly fits the geography of the farm, though how a southern Cederberg farm got a Sanskrit name is not known. Other explanations seem unlikely: Kunje is a town of 542 people in Montenegro, and also a town in Angola. It is also a common Zimbabwean surname. In this instance Kunje is a farm and resort on the R303, on the southern edge of the Cederberg where the latter merges with the Koue Bokkeveld
Kunje Guest House : as above; accommodation for hire on the farm
Kunje Mountain Cottage : as above; accommodation for hire on the farm
Kweekkraal : “cultivate corral” [Afr]; 1. a citrus farm between the N7 and the Olifants River, north of Citrusdal; 2. an old subsistence farm just south of Algeria, next to the existing concrete road
Kweekkraal Primary School : as above; a prominent primary school at Kweekkraal, next to the N7 on its western side
Kweekkraal se Kop : as above; a small rise between the old subsistence farm and Algeria itself


  1. Thank you for this extraordinary work and diligent research on the Cederberg. I thought I had a good knowledge of the area, but you make me look like a student! Well done!! I research, document and film South African mountain passes of which there are at least 15 in the Cederberg. I discovered your site whilst researching Klipfonteinrant Pass.

    1. Thanks for the compliments, Trygve, but there's a lot of stuff here that's subject to review ... so if you find other interpretations of names, please let me know!

  2. Hello, great pictures. I am planning a bouldering (climbing) trip to south africa. I have climbed in Rocklands (pakhuis pass) many times and this time was hoping to find new rocks to climb on. I have been to the Driehoek area as well. I was wondering if you knew of any areas in the southern cederbergs/driehoek area that you think might offer similar rock size to that of the pakhuis pass? thanks so much for the help!

  3. Paul -
    Suggest you contact CapeNature [contacts via ] - there are many areas suitable for bouldering but as this is mostly a Wilderness Area some areas are restricted - there might be opportunities at Truitjieskraal in the Matjies River Nature Reserve, but you should enquire from the management there first.

  4. thanks a lot for the information!